Jack Russell Terrier Dog Breed Information – Temperament, Training, History, and More

Lively, independent, and intelligent, the Jack Russell terrier is quite the clever little pup. Filled with a zest for life, this is one wild, entertaining, and zany animal. Cute, full of charm, loyal, and bursting with intensity, sometimes they like to have a bit too much fun. Therefore, this small dog breed works best in a home that has experience with enthusiastic pets.

Around 200 years ago, this terrier was bred in England to hunt foxes. It has a strong instinct to chase and dig, which makes it difficult to train at first. But over time, if you have the patience to work with this puppy, you’ll have an unrivaled best friend. Small in size but big on love, this high-energy dog has many qualities that will steal your heart.

Jack Russell Terrier Dog Breed Pictures


What Does a Jack Russell Terrier Look Like

With a height that measures a little over a foot tall, this pup has a small angular frame. Built for bursts of speed and quick tunneling, it’s a strong, muscular working dog that’s always on the move. Other key characteristics include:

  • V-pattered ears that display a smart and keenly alert look
  • Dark almond-shaped eyes that are ever on the prowl

A diverse coat that comes in several textures and colors

How Big Does a Jack Russell Terrier Get

Usually ranging from 10 to 15 inches tall, the Jack Russell was made for digging in tiny areas. What it lacks in stature, it makes up for in power. For its full-grown height, an adult has long legs that are geared to giving a fast chase.

They are often divided into two different size classifications. Smaller dogs are 10 to 12.5 inches tall. Larger ones come in at 12.5 to 15 inches high.


Full of spirit and energy, the Jack Russell terrier gets the most out of life. They enjoy anything that has to do with activity, which is both good and bad. Your puppy will be thrilled to play, but it’s also prone to chasing anything that catches its interest. Make sure it’s always on a leash or in a secure area when outside, so it does not escape.

This terrier has a loving and bold personality and tends to like people very much. However, it can be aggressive toward other dogs, which may lead to trouble. Also, it sees any small animal as prey, including cats. It’s best to keep this pup as your only pet since it needs your total attention.

Jack Russell Terrier Dog Breed


How to Groom a Jack Russell Terrier

Knowing how to care for a Jack Russell terrier is the easiest part of owning one. Coming in a variety of colors like white and brown, their fur can be smooth, rough, or broken-coated. Brush it once a week to keep up with it, but overall, these dogs are not hairy or fluffy. Do not give them frequent baths.

Trim your pup’s nails often. Not only can long nails be uncomfortable for your pet, but they’ll accidentally scratch you when you’re playing around. And finally, taking care of your puppy’s teeth is very important. Try to brush them at least two or three times each week, but daily is best.

How to Train a Jack Russell Terrier

Jack Russell terrier pros and cons both involve its activity level. On the one hand, it’s always on the go, so it won’t put on much weight in fat. But otherwise, it tends to be energetic to a high degree. Training is key to getting this puppy under control at an early age.

This terrier breed needs plenty of positive feedback when learning, or else it will get bored and even stubborn. Rewards, playtime, praise, and treats go a long way when teaching it new things. Yet when this dog is with the right person, it has no limits on what it can master.


How Long Does a Jack Russell Terrier Live

Their lifespan is usually between 14 and 16 years. This is a very long life expectancy, even for healthy dogs. 

How Much Exercise Does a Jack Russell Terrier Need

If you don’t provide enough exercise time for your dog, it will find ways to release its energy. Therefore, it’s ideal that Jack Russell adoption be limited to active people. An eager family who likes to be outside having fun will suit this dog well. There is no limit to what you can do in order to tire it out.

Playing with your puppy is important, too. This breed works well with children as long as they understand how to interact with an animal. Just remember that the dog’s origin is speed and hunting, so it needs a lot of supervision.

Jack Russell Terrier Health Issues

Jack Russell terrier health issues aren’t a big deal when compared to other dogs. Overall, these canines are pretty healthy. Breeders do a good job with puppy care and share all information about the animal upon adoption. Knee, ear, and eye problems are the most common things to look for in these pets.

Jack Russell Terrier


Where are Jack Russells from? This breed came from England about around 200 years ago, give or take. Revered John “The Sporting Parson” Russell introduced some dogs to his kennel that, in time, became the Jack Russell. This animal was put on the hunt to sniff out and chase foxes. It could run and keep up with the hounds, but it did not harm the fox, which was ideal.

Facts About Jack Russell Terriers

  • Looking at the facts, these pups are not ideal for first-time dog owners. In all honesty, they’re not even a good fit for many experienced dog owners. This pooch can be a challenge, for sure. It requires firm training and constant attention.
  • A tip to help train a Jack Russell has to do with digging. Due to their instincts, it’s pretty hard to get this little one to stop unearthing holes. Teach them to dig in one area instead of stopping altogether.